Finance management or financial management is that aspect of management which involves the application of general management principles to specific financial operations. It basically entails planning within a business enterprise to ensure a positive cash flow and maximize shareholder wealth. Financial management includes a large number of complex practices and processes, including the administration and maintenance of financial aspects and identifying and managing risks.
The decisions that financial managers need to make are in regard to financing, investments, payouts of dividends, and working capital management. They generally encounter difficulties in the form of measurement problems, uncertainty, and temporal spread. Financial managers need to be conversant with the tools and concepts of financial management, such as capital budgeting, sources of finance, various types of financial statements, financial accounting, financial reporting, and risk management.
Managerial or corporate finance is the task of providing funds for a corporation’s activities. Its goal is the maximization of the company’s wealth and the value of its stock, while balancing risk and profitability. People entrusted with the financial management of corporations must be sound in the practices of financial management if they are run an organization successfully.
Given the importance of financial managers in today’s business environment, it is not surprising that a wide variety of courses from the full-time MBA to the online courses abound.
Finance is perhaps the most popular choice for candidates seeking management degrees. The role of the financial manager is to oversee the generation of financial analysis and reports to help with the company’s decision making, business development, and more importantly, strategic planning. The job of the financial analyst is to use these tools and devices to shape the company’s investments and business growth. Financial analysts and managers today play a crucial role in effecting mergers and global financing and expansion.
If you are looking for a role in finance in a medium to large corporation, the degree program is what you will need to look at, given the complexities of financial management in large corporations. When choosing a program, remember that with finance and management degrees, the institute that you pick must be reputable and recognized in the field. Accreditation bodies exist specifically for MBA programs to oversee the consistency and quality of business education, so it is preferable for a student to select a program that is accredited.
If however, you are already running your own small or medium enterprise or non-profit organization, and need to apply the tools of financial management to run your organization more effectively, you can opt for the shorter courses or the online programs offered by the many institutes.
Several MBA programs offer tailor-made courses that could be full-time, part-time, and distance learning courses with specialized concentrations. Accelerated MBA programs involve a higher course load and more intense and examination schedules. Part-time courses are another option, with classes being held in evenings, after normal working hours, or on weekends. Executive MBA programs are developed to meet the training needs of full-time managers and executives, allowing them to earn their degrees without compromising their jobs.